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IBU External Critique Fee Remaining Report Redacted variation

5.15 Guidelines limiting the admissibility of proof in court proceedings do not utilize in disciplinary proceedings to implement the IBU Integrity Code. Instead, rates may perhaps be demonstrated by ‘any responsible means’.25

5.16 Exactly where, as here, the allegation is of deliberate and realizing involvement in a clandestine and corrupt plan, in examining the proof the next principles apply:

time the cost is introduced use. Mong Joon Chung v FIFA, CAS 2017/A/5086, paragraph 133 (relying on ‘CAS jurisprudence to the consistent impact that, pursuant to the legal theory of tempus regit actum, procedural matters are governed by the procedures in force at the time of the procedural act in dilemma. Thus, presented that stress of evidence is a procedural basic principle, the Panel ought to utilize in the present proceedings the rule on burden of proof set out in Short article 52 FCE (2012 edition)’) (citations omitted) Gnidenko v IOC, 2016/A/4803, paragraph 94 (while the standard rule is that the IOC bears the burden of proving an ADRV, ‘The 2015 WADC and, in individual, Article 3.2.1 [putting the burden on the athlete to prove a testing procedure used was not scientifically valid], were the procedural guidelines present at the time each individual of the proceedings, providing increase to these appeals, was commenced. Accordingly, as acknowledged by the Appellants, the Panel is of the look at that the Appellants bear the stress of proving that the tests procedures adopted by the Lausanne and Cologne laboratories had been not scientifically valid’). Reasoning by analogy, the exact same is accurate of the normal of proof.

25 IBU Integrity Code, Chapter D, Report 3.2.1.

26 Zubkov v IOC, CAS 2017/A/5422, para 674 Legkov v IOC, CAS 2017/A/5379, para 706 IAAF v RUSAF & Shkolina, CAS 2018/O/5667, para 102.

27 Oriekhov v UEFA, CAS 2010/A/2172, para 54 Savic v PTIOs, CAS 2011/A/2621, para 8.7.

28 Zubkov v IOC, CAS 2017/A/5422, para 683 Legkov v IOC, CAS 2017/A/5379, para 715 IAAF v RUSAF & Shkolina, CAS 2018/O/5667, para 100.

29 IAAF v RUSAF & Shkolina, CAS 2018/O/5667, paragraph 100 IAAF v RUSAF & Bespalova, CAS 2018/O/5676, para 63.

30 Salmond v IIHF, CAS 2018/A/5885, para 110 (quoting from other CAS awards) IAAF v RUSAF & Shkolina, CAS 2018/O/5667, para 84 (‘CAS jurisprudence presents direction on the this means and application of the “comfortable satisfaction” regular of evidence. The check of comfortable gratification “must acquire into account the situations of the case” (CAS 2013/A/3258 paragraph. 122). Those circumstances include “[t]he paramount significance of preventing corruption of any kind in sport and also looking at the mother nature and limited powers of the investigation authorities of the governing bodies of sport as in contrast to countrywide formal interrogation authorities” (CAS 2009/A/1920 CAS 2013/A/3258)’) and para 101 (a

5.16.1 Supplied the seriousness of the allegation, any hearing panel will want apparent and cogent evidence of an individual’s personal and realizing involvement in the plan.26

5.16.2 On the other hand, ‘when assessing the evidence, the Panel has effectively in head that corruption is, by mother nature, concealed as the functions involved will look for to use evasive means to make sure that they leave no path of their wrongdoing’.27

5.16.3 In truth, ‘the far more prosperous the alleged plan was, the fewer direct evidence of wrongdoing is very likely to be available’.28

5.16.4 Thus ‘the absence of direct evidence is not essentially an sign of innocence, but could similarly be indicative that the wrongdoing has been properly concealed’.29

5.16.5 Moreover, the listening to panel should acquire into account ‘[t]he paramount relevance of fighting corruption of any sort in sport and also looking at the character and limited powers of the investigation of authorities of the governing bodies of activity as compared to countrywide official interrogation authorities’.30 In individual, ‘[s]ince the [sports governing body] can not compel